Majorca, Spain » City Info » Geography

Majorca (or Mallorca) Island is the largest of the Balearic Islands and is geographically located to the east of Spain. The main tourist attractions in the southwest region of Majorca include Palma de Mallorca, Palmanova, Portals Nous, Santa Ponca, Peguera and Magalluf.

There are two significant parts of the island occupied by mountainous terrain. The first mountainous part is Serra de Tramuntana which is scattered over the north-western part of Majorca. This mountain range includes the highest peak of the island, the Puig Major, and the neighbouring Puig Massanella as the highest accessible peak.

The second mountainous region, which is not as steep as Tramuntana, is Serra de Llevant and is situated opposite the southeast. Despite being a smaller range, it is still visited by trekkers who want to admire the fantastic surrounding sceneries.

In the centre of the island is the flat fertile plain of Es Pla, where most of the island's agriculture takes place as the flat land is ideal for farming.

Majorca has a rocky coastline with intriguing caves and bays. The northeast side is covered by two sweeping bays, the Badia de Pollenca and the Badia d'Alcudia, and of course, the large famous Bay of Palma in the southwest. For geographical information of Palma de Mallorca: Visit Palma

The caves and bays of Majorca are great tourist attractions, along with the sandy coves predominately located in the eastern region.

Geo Data39° 37′ 0″ N, 2° 59′ 0″ E
Area3,640.11 km²
Highest PeakPuig Major 1445 m


Majorca experiences a Mediterranean climate with significant-high precipitation in the Serra de Tramuntana. The plains experience hot summers and mild to cool winters, but it gets colder in the Tramuntana region during winters, sometimes heading towards snowfall. Snowfalls in Mallorca are sporadic. Winter is mild with sunny days, also with periods of wind and rain from December to February. October and November are the coldest months. Summer is sunny and hot from June to mid-September. Rainfall is low and is generally during the summer.


With a population of approximately 896,038 (2019), over 50% of Majorca's inhabitants live in Palma. The tourist boom in the 20th century is responsible for the population growth as many people relocated to the island from the rest of Spain, Europe, South America, and Africa. Today, Majorca's people enjoy a high standard of living.