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Majorca, Spain » City Info » Geography

The island of Majorca is the largest of the Balearic Islands and is geographically located to the east of Spain. The main tourist attractions are located in the southwest region of Majorca, these include; Palma de Mallorca, Palmanova, Portals Nous, Santa Ponca, Peguera and Magalluf.

There are two significant parts of the island that are occupied by mountainous terrain. The first mountainous part is Serra de Tramuntana which is scattered over the north-western part of Majorca. This mountain range includes the highest peak of the island, the Puig Major and the neighbouring, Puig Massanella as the highest accessible peak.

The second mountainous region which is not as steep as Tramuntana is the mountain range of Serra de Llevant and this is situated on the opposite side, in the southeast. Despite being a smaller range it is still popularly visited by trekkers who want to admire the fantastic surrounding sceneries.


In the center of the island is the flat fertile plain of Es Pla, where most of the island’s agriculture takes place as the flat land is ideal for farming.

Majorca has a very rocky coastline with intriguing caves and bays. The northeast side is covered up by two sweeping bays, the Badia de Pollenca and the Badia d'Alcudia and of course the large famous Bay of Palma in the southwest. Further geographical information for Palma de Mallorca: Visit Palma.

The caves and bays of Majorca are great tourist attractions, along with the sandy coves which are predominately located in the eastern region.


Geo Data39° 37′ 0″ N, 2° 59′ 0″ E
Area3,640.11 km²
Highest PeakPuig Major = 1445m

Climate

Majorca has got a Mediterranean climate with marked high precipitation in the Serra de Tramuntana. The plains experience hot summers and mild to cool winters, but it gets colder in the Tramuntana region during winters, sometimes heading towards snowfall. Rainfall is low and is generally during the summer. Rain comes in during autumn, in October and continue till January, making it the wettest time of the year. With rainfall in October and November there is a total change in the landscape with plants bursting into life and flowers blooming. This time is referred to as the winters spring. Sunshine can be seen for many days and the temperatures also hold up normal in October while November gets cooler with the upcoming winter. The weather is still warm though the nights turn out to be chilly especially in the northwest side of the region.

Population

With a population of approximately 800,000, over 50% of Majorca’s inhabitants live in the city of Palma. The tourist boom in the 20th century is said to be responsible for the population growth as many people relocated to the island from the rest of Spain, Europe, South America and Africa. Today, Majorca’s people enjoy a high standard of living.